Technological equipment for bee bread producting | Cooperative PAVIK


Technological equipment for bee bread producting.


METHODIC RECOMENDATIONS


Ukraine, Cherkassy

Bee-bread equipment:
 
1Artificial comb puzzles      It’s made of plastic. It’s used for making bee-frame of that size you need (435 х300 mm, 300 х 435 mm or 435 х 230 mm). The frame consists of 2 parts with a clingfilm between them .  


    
2. Рамка из сот-пазлов



    
Then the frame is fasten to the upper frame and  puzzles are tighten with collars.      

3. Handle pusher    





A handle pusher is used to press pollen inside a puzzle. Is made of plastic and steel.      


The technology of making bee-bread
To get a bee-bread you need:
First you need to cover one side of the frame with pollen and press it equable with handle press. Then turn the frame around and make the same procedure with another side.
The procedure must be done several times until puzzles are 2/3 full.
You need about 600 g of pollen to fill up the frame.
After the frame is full you have to cover the frame surface with liquid honey (both sides).
The so ready frame is put to a beehive to finish the process.
The artificial frame is left in a beehive for about 2-3 days until its surface begins to glitter.
In case bees do not eat the feed-stuff you leave the frame for 14 days more until the beebread is ready.
In case bees eat all the food, the frame is put to the strong bee-family (incubator). You choose the strongest bee-family, take away the heating-up and install the air exit grille with an empty artificial frame. And wait until the bee-bread is ready.
There’s another way of filling up the puzzles. You put inside some little quantity of pollen and then you press it step by step during 6 days. After that you leave the frame in the bee-hive until it’s ready (about 10 days)

When the bee-bread is ready the fame is disassembled. And the bee-bread is pushed out using the handle pusher. Pushing out is made from the narrow side of the puzzles. After that you can use your puzzles once again.


Special aspects of producing bee-bread in bee-family
The weak and middle weak families need little quantity of bee-bread. The prefer more a fresh pollen. And vice versa, strong families may take even not-ready bee-bread in puzzles.
For making  bee-bread you need collecting pollen at the first part of spring-summer season, when the most quantity of flowers are in bloom.
It is undesirable to use strong families for making bee-bread. You may disturb flight activity and cause swarming.
If you use pollen collectors bee-entrance may change its shape and look different. That’s why bees need about 3-5 days to get used to it.
Turning off the pollen collector is not good for bees’ flight activity.
The pollen collec-tor is ON only for the period of swarming or bee queen overflight.
All the pollen that was brought by bees must be deleted from the pollen collector every evening. There may be about 100-300 g of pollen per day.
ATTENTION: the nucleus in the puzzles are conical, that is why you must push in the pollen from the wide side of it, and push out from the narrow one. When the frame is been formed the narrow side of the puzzles faces the membrane.
Pushing pollen in
  
    


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